[조이누리 기자단] 윤서영 - Ethical Consumption Changes the World ①1329
seoyeong 수정되었습니다 : 2015-03-24 12:23:23
Ethical Consumption Changes the World
① The Concept and History of Fair Trade
As the globalization and free trade system have become more and more prevalent, the gap and inequality between the rich and poor have deepened drastically. Many multinational companies have maximized their profits by using cheaper raw materials and work forces. Producers in developing countries, on the other hand, have gotten paid unjustly for their products and are suffering from poverty.
In response to such inequality and unjust trading system, fair trade has emerged. This worldwide social movement is aimed at helping producers in developing countries rise from structural poverty through equal trading system whereby producers are justly paid. By taking part in the fair trade movement, consumers contribute to the betterment of producers’ lives and sustainable development. It is obviously an ethical consumption that can change the world.
Fair trade developed mainly in western countries in the beginning and started to spread around the world in 2000s. In 1948, Ten Thousand Village, an American NGO(Non-Governmental Organization), began the very first fair trade movement, selling handicrafts from developing countries justly. Over time, with efforts of NGOs, many fair trade organizations and corporations emerged. Those organizations have sold exported goods from developing countries in accordance with the principles of fair trading system. Also, they have put efforts into raising awareness of fair trade among the public. As a result, fair trade movement have grown significantly, with hundreds of fair trade corporations and over 4,000 specialized stores selling fairly traded products that worth $6.5 billion (6 trillion won) in total, according to Fairtrade International or FLO. Below is a table that shows a brief history of fair trade.
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